The gorgeous gem of various colors topaz, which is the November birthstone, is highly prized as a gemstone for jewelry. In ancient times, people believed that topazpossessed magical and healing abilities. Perhaps the Sanskrit word for fire is where its name comes from.
Colors of the November birthstone
Topaz can be found in a variety of stunning hues, including mild blue, pink, red, brown, different hues of yellow, and even black. Topaz is a colorless stone in its purest form. Chromium atoms in the crystal give red and some pink topazes their hue. Most other colors are the result of crystal flaws and small element substitutions. Some hues are brittle and prone to fading. Heat can alter the color of some stones. Colorless topaz can be irradiated with high energy to produce blue gemstones.
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Topaz is an aluminum silicate mineral with fluorine and hydroxide in its chemical composition (a hydrogen-oxygen molecule). Topaz, which rates 8 on the Mohs scale and is the hardest silicate stone, has strong chemical connections throughout. High flourine concentrations, a prerequisite for the creation of topaz, are geologically uncommon, according to Geoscience Australia. They provided an explanation of how topaz forms in igneous rock cavities:
When there is sufficient fluorine to support the creation of topaz, which occurs in the late phases of a magma cooling, the crystals develop. Some topaz crystals form when fluorine-rich hot fluids (hydrothermal solutions) pass through fissures in already-cooled rocks.
Topaz on display
Small crystals and huge rocks of various sizes, including topaz, can be found. A Brazilian example of one of the largest uncut topaz stones weights about 600 pounds (270 kg). It is on view in New York at the American Museum of Natural History.
Additionally, the Smithsonian Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. is home to one of the largest cut topazes in the world. called the Golden Topaz of America. It is around 7 inches (18 cm) long and 10.1 pounds (4.6 kg) in weight.
Uses for the November birthstone
Topaz is the perfect stone for jewelry like necklaces, brooches, and bracelets because of its vibrant fire, clarity, hues, and toughness. The pure topaz, which is finely cut and colorless, is occasionally mistaken for a diamond. Because of its rarity, topaz is a costly gem. Red is the most expensive and scarcest color. The most widely used topaz stones are the brownish-yellow, orange-yellow, and reddish brown variants, which are sherry-colored. They are quite expensive, just like pink stones. While less valuable, light blue and pale yellow topaz are nevertheless incredibly beautiful.
Topaz has uses outside of jewelry, such as in industry. As a result of its ability to retain strength in the presence of severe heat, it is employed as a refractory material in kilns and furnaces. It can also be used as a mold for molten metals and glass due to its feature.
Brazil is the world’s largest producer of topaz, with the Minas Geranis region serving as its most noteworthy source. In addition to these nations, topaz is also mined in Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Russia, and Australia. People have discovered it in Utah, Texas, and California in the United States.
Topaz may have gotten its name from a Sanskrit word that means fire. A more complicated alternative story is also present. The gemstone may have been given the name Topazos after an ancient Greek island in the Red Sea. On the supposedly hard to find island, people mined a yellow stone. Most people now believe that stone to be chrysolite.
According to legend, topaz could cool boiling water. According to legend, these diamonds gave their owners happy dreams and made them happy. Additionally, it was thought that persons who wore topaz would live long, beautiful, and intelligent lives.
People in the Middle Ages thought that diamonds with intricate engravings carried extraordinary powers. About the topaz, Ragiel’s Book of Wings from the thirteenth century said:
If a falcon is shown on a topaz, it can be used to win over monarchs, princes, and magnates.
Topaz was once used to treat fevers as medicine. Topaz powder was mixed into wine to treat asthma and sleeplessness. They thought that holding a topaz in a woman’s hand during childbirth would decrease her discomfort.
Topaz was advised as a treatment for impaired vision by Saint Hildegard, a German Benedictine abbess who lived in the 12th century. Three days and nights were spent submerging the stone in wine, after which the liquid was applied to the eyes. A topaz that belonged to two Catholic popes allegedly helped a Roman doctor in the 15th century treat plague sores.
See the birthstones for the rest of the year
In conclusion, topaz is the birthstone for November. It is a hard mineral that is often used in jewelry and has a persistent folklore of magical and therapeutic properties.
Which two stones are November’s birthstones?
Topaz and citrine are two lovely birthstones that can be worn by people born in November. While topaz is available in a wide range of colours, citrine is renowned for its lovely yellow and orange tones. Both birthstones for November are thought to provide relaxing qualities that also bring luck and warmth to the bearer. Since high-quality gems like topaz and citrine are not as scarce as for many of their contemporaries, these birthstones are often priced reasonably. As a result, people who were born in November have a wide range of alternatives. Choosing one will be your biggest issue.
Is topaz pricey?
Like any stone, topaz prices vary according to quality. Nevertheless, a few generalizations are possible. The most popular type of topaz used in jewelry today, blue topaz, has been produced in such large numbers that it is now typically sold for $25 per carat at retail for ring sizes. Larger sizes could cost a little extra. Even though treated blue topaz is widely produced, the price of natural blue topaz has practically decreased to match that of the treated stone.
Blue topaz is created (by irradiation and heat) from colorless topaz, which is offered in sizes up to 100 ct and higher and costs less than $8/ct. The cost of brown topaz is comparable.
Contrarily, valuable topaz, often known as “imperial” topaz, can sell for more than $1000 per carat (ct) in big (10 ct+) proportions. Richly colored topaz with a pink or red hue is the most expensive; its retail price can approach $3500/ct. Over 5 ct. sizes of these are uncommon.
Topaz or citrine, which is superior?
Imperial topaz is the gem used to commemorate a marriage’s 23rd anniversary, while blue topaz is customarily chosen to honor a couple’s fourth wedding anniversary.
Topaz was regarded to give power to the ancient Greeks, and from the 1300s to the 1600s, it was believed to be able to ward off evil spells and calm rage throughout Europe. For many years, Indians believed that wearing a topaz pendant above the heart would bring about long life, wisdom, and beauty.
All clear yellow, orange, or brown gemstones were referred to as topaz until the turn of the 20th century. As a result, topaz was supposed to have a golden colour and attract wealth and gold to the wearer.
Topaz is quite harda Mohs scale 8but not extremely tough, thus it needs to be cleaned carefully. (Recall that the Mohs’ scale of hardness is used to categorize minerals.) Because topaz is sensitive to high heat, avoid using steam or ultrasonic cleaners on the stone. Topaz should be cleaned with warm, soapy water, advises Southern California-based bespoke jeweler Shmukler Design, to stop cracking.
Topaz is usually stable in the presence of light, but extended exposure to heat or too much sunlight can cause the yellow-to-brown varieties of the gem to lose their color. To be safe, remove the topaz gem when washing jewelry with chemicals. Topaz may also be somewhat impacted by some chemicals.
The handcrafted coating of the Mystic Topaz can survive normal wear, but it does require gentle cleaning. If you have treated your birthstone in this manner, clean it with a gentle soap solution.
Let’s move on to Citrine now:
Citrine is a clear yellow to brownish-orange form of quartz that has been used in jewelry for hundreds of years but wasn’t initially recognized as the birthstone for November. It was initially mistaken for topaz, the other birthstone for November. Citrine is said to have been named after the French word for lemon, citron, as its citrus tints would imply. Instead of lemon, residues of iron are what give the food its yellow to orange color.
Ancient Greeks fashioned citrine into jewellery made of rock crystal, while Roman pontiffs wore rings with enormous amethysts that were likely citrine. In Victorian jewelry, citrine was also quite popular in Scotland, and today, citrine is the customary gift on a 13th wedding anniversary.
Because natural citrine is so rare, the majority of it that is currently available on the market was created by heating amethyst.
Spain, Bolivia, Mexico, Madagascar, and Uruguay are the main exporters of this gemstone for November. Brazil is a popular mining location for amethyst that has been heated to a citrine hue.
Many people originally thought citrine had the same alleged calming properties as November’s second birthstone since it is often confused with topaz. Today, supporters of citrine extol its unique “powers, including fostering individual clarity and creativity and reducing negative inclinations. The qualities of hope, youth, vigor, health, happiness, and fidelity are also considered to be connected to citrine.
Finally, from the second millennium BCE until the end of the Han dynasty in 220 CE, people who lived in China termed citrine the “The emperors of that era believed that wearing the gem helped them develop their minds and sharpen their intellects, and they referred to it as the “stone of success.”
Citrine, which rates a 7 on the Mohs scale, is as hard as topaz, the other November birthstone, but citrine has superior toughness characteristics. Citrine can be cleaned with warm, soapy water and is resilient enough for everyday use. If you’d like, you can clean your citrine jewelry with an ultrasonic cleaner, but since steam cleaning could result in cracks, we strongly advise against it.
What do you name a baby born in November?
2. The chrysanthemum, a flower that represents love, is the flower for your November baby.
3. Scorpio (Oct. 23Nov. 21) or Sagittarius are the zodiac signs for newborns born in November (Nov. 22 – Dec 21). Scorpios are ardent, devoted, and courageous. Kids with the Sagittarius sign are sincere, upbeat, and energetic.
4. Celebrities such as Colin Kaepernick (November 3), Emma Stone (November 6), Leonardo DiCaprio (November 11), Grace Kelly (November 12), Jimi Hendrix (November 27), and Chrissy Teigen (November 30) may all share the same birthday as your November baby.
5. Your November child may be born on Thanksgiving Day, which is the Fourth Thursday, November 22, or on Universal Children’s Day, which falls on November 20.
What color is a Scorpio?
The scorpion, the snake, and the eagle are the three creatures that are connected to the sign of Scorpio. The colors of Scorpio, according to The Astrology Bible, are dark red, maroon, black, and brown.
How does a topaz appear?
The fluoro-silicate mineral topaz is made of aluminum and is typically colorless, though it can also be white, yellow, light grey, blue, orange, brown, green, or pink. In contrast to other gem stones, topaz’s color isn’t necessarily a result of crystal imperfections. Topaz crystals have two main color centers that are either caused by a gap or an additional electron in the crystal structure. Aspects of the light shining into the crystal can be absorbed by these aberrations, producing hues of yellow or blue. The centers of green topaz are a combination of yellow and blue. Chromium takes the role of aluminum in the topaz crystal structure, giving the crystal a pink or red appearance. An orange topaz is a crystal with a yellow center and chromium impurities.
Topaz crystals have excellent cleavage, which means that they frequently break perpendicular to the crystal’s long axis along specific plains. Topaz has a hardness of 8, although due to its fragility, it is typically found as pieces rather than entire crystals. Tenacity is the capacity to withstand breakage; hardness is the resistance to being scratched. Topaz is incredibly delicate, making it challenging to cut and set.
Some Brazilian topaz crystals are enormous, weighing kilos and being the size of boulders. A well-known gemstone is the American Golden Topaz. A 11.8 kilogram stone that was cut into 172 facets over the course of two years resulted in the current 4.6 kg weight. Also from Brazil, the El Dorado Topaz was found in 1984. It weighed about 36 kg but was reduced to 6.2 kg after being faceted and polished into an emerald form (still 31 000 carats). It is the world’s largest faceted stone.
What shade of topaz is the rarest?
What shade of topaz is the rarest? Imperial topaz, commonly referred to as precious topaz, is the most expensive and rarest member of the topaz family. It comes in a variety of hues, from the highly sought sherry pink to the golden yellow.
Are topaz and citrine interchangeable terms?
Topaz and citrine, which belong to the quartz family, are separate mineral species. Not quartz, although the silicate mineral family includes topaz. Before these distinctions were understood, many cultures misidentified citrine, a yellow type of quartz, by calling it various names like gold topaz, Madeira topaz, or Spanish topaz, which added to the confusion.