When Is Oral Cancer Awareness Month

Dental organisations advise routine oral cancer screenings. Preventative medicine saves lives!

CA, Newport Beach (April 2014) Nearly one person per hour, every day of the year, dies from oral and oropharyngeal cancer (cancer of the mouth and upper neck). 40 percent of those newly diagnosed with these cancers won’t live past five years. In addition, many survivors experience persistent issues such severe facial deformity or trouble speaking and eating.

Because oral and oropharyngeal cancers are frequently found late in their development, the fatality rate linked with these tumors continues to be particularly high. Fortunately, death and treatment-related health issues are decreased when oral and oropharyngeal malignancies are found and treated quickly.

The American Dental Association, American Dental Hygienists’ Association, American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, American Academy of Oral Medicine, American Academy of Periodontology, American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons, and the Academy of General Dentistry have joined the Oral Cancer Foundation in its campaign to raise awareness of oral cancer.

One of your body’s most vital early warning systems is your mouth. Patients should be aware of the following warning signs and symptoms between dental appointments and seek treatment from a dentist if they do not get better or go away after two to three weeks:

  • a persistent discomfort, soreness, or irritability
  • areas of red or white skin, or discomfort, soreness, or numbness in the lips or mouth
  • lumps, tissues that are swelling, rough patches, crusty or degraded regions
  • trouble moving your jaw or tongue, swallowing, speaking, or chewing

When is the awareness week for oral and head and neck cancer?

Melissa McDonald, UT Physicians, updated this article on March 31, 2022. A quick 10-minute cancer screening is offered by Dr. Ron J. Karni. This year’s Oral, Head and Neck Cancer Awareness Week, which runs from April 39, is a time to spread awareness and encourage early testing.

How is oral cancer classified?

Many different types of cells make up the various components of the oropharynx and oral cavity. Every sort of cell has the potential to develop a cancer. These variations are significant because they affect a person’s prognosis and alternatives for therapy (outlook).

Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx

Squamous cell carcinomas, also known as squamous cell cancers, make up almost all malignancies of the mouth and oropharynx. Squamous cells, which are flat, thin cells that make up the lining of the mouth and throat, are where these malignancies begin.

The term carcinoma in situ refers to the earliest stage of squamous cell cancer. This indicates that only the layer of cells known as the epithelium has cancerous cells (the top layer of cells lining the oral cavity and oropharynx). This is distinct from invasive squamous cell cancer, in which the cancer cells have penetrated deeper layers of the oropharynx or oral cavity after growing through the epithelium.

Most oropharynx squamous cell malignancies are caused by infection with specific high-risk strains of the human papillomavirus (HPV) (called HPV-positive cancer). Rarely is HPV linked to cancer of the oral cavity. Young persons without a history of tobacco or alcohol use are more likely to develop malignancies that are HPV positive. When compared to squamous cell tumors not caused by an HPV infection, these malignancies typically have a better prognosis (outcome) (HPV-negative cancer). This is most likely because chemotherapy and radiation therapy make HPV-positive tumors smaller. See Oral Cavity and Oropharyngeal Cancer Risk Factors.

Squamous cell cancer of the verrucous kind, which is uncommon, is most frequently seen in the cheeks and gums. It is a low-grade (slow-growing) malignancy that seldom metastasizes to different body regions.

Other types of oral cavity and oropharynx cancers

Minor cancers of the salivary glands: These tumors can begin in the glands that line the mouth and throat. Minor salivary gland tumors can take many different forms, such as adenoid cystic carcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, and polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma. Visit Salivary Gland Cancer to learn more about these cancers as well as benign salivary gland tumors.

Lymphoid tissue, which is where immune system tumors known as lymphomas can begin, is found in the tonsils and the base of the tongue. See Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma in Children for more details on these cancers.

What hue represents tongue cancer on a ribbon?

Wearing a blue enamel badge is a simple but effective way for as many people as possible to demonstrate their support for spreading awareness of mouth cancer.

What is the oral cancer five-year survival rate?

From the middle of the 1960s to the most recent National Cancer Institute Survey (2004), oral cancer survival rates rose by about 15%. Despite this progress, there are still large discrepancies in some population groups.

The most recent survival statistics for adult men and women of all ages, across all racial groupings, are shown in Table 1 by cancer stage at the time of diagnosis.

The survival rates for oral cancer from 1974 to 2003 are shown in Table 2.

  • In general, 60% of mouth cancer patients survive for five years.
  • For Black men and women, oral cancer survival rates are much lower.
  • Early detection of oral cancer considerably improves 5-year survival rates.
  • Since 1975, the survival rates for oral cancer have increased gradually.
  • Over the course of this time, disparities in survival rates between White and Black men have persisted.

What percentage of oral cancer patients survive?

On this page, you may learn how many people are given an oral and oropharyngeal cancer diagnosis each year. Additionally, you’ll learn general information on battling various illnesses. Recall that a number of factors affect survival rates. To view additional pages, use the navigation.

Oropharyngeal and oral cancer will be discovered in around 54,000 persons in the United States this year (38,700 males and 15,300 women). In 2020, it is anticipated that 476,125 individuals will receive an oral and oropharyngeal cancer diagnosis.

Men are more than twice as likely as women to have these cancers. Compared to Black people, White persons are marginally more likely to receive a diagnosis. For men, oropharyngeal and oral cancers rank sixth in frequency. The diagnostic age is 63 on average. People under the age of 55 are affected by instances in about 20% of cases.

Oral and oropharyngeal cancer incidence increased by just under 1% year from 2009 to 2018. (see Risk Factors and Prevention). The majority of this rise was seen in non-Hispanic White adults and a subset of oropharynx malignancies connected to HPV infection.

11,230 deaths from oral and oropharyngeal cancer are anticipated in the US this year (7,870 males and 3,360 women). The death rate for these 2 diseases climbed by a little under half a percent annually from 2010 to 2019 after declining for several decades. The increase was brought on by an increase in cancer mortality linked to HPV. The anticipated global death toll from oropharyngeal cancer in 2020 was 225,900.

The percentage of persons who survive at least 5 years after their cancer is discovered is shown by the 5-year survival rate. Percentage refers to the number out of 100. Depending on the primary site and the severity of the disease, there are significant differences in the survival rates for oral and oropharyngeal cancer.

The overall 5-year survival rate for persons with oral or oropharyngeal cancer in the United States is 67 percent. Black people have a 5-year survival rate of 51% while White people have a 5-year survival rate of 69%. According to research, White persons are more likely to be diagnosed with HPV-associated cancer, which has greater survival rates (see Risk Factors and Prevention).

The overall 5-year survival rate for all individuals is 85% if cancer is detected early. At this time, malignancies of the mouth and oropharynx are identified in about 28% of cases. The overall 5-year survival rate is 68 percent if the cancer has spread to neighboring organs, tissues, or lymph nodes. At this point, almost half of cases are diagnosed. The overall 5-year survival rate is 40% if the cancer has progressed to a distant area of the body. At this stage, diagnoses for oral and oropharyngeal malignancies account for about 18% of cases.

It’s critical to keep in mind that estimates exist for the survival rates for persons with oral and oropharyngeal cancer. The estimate is based on annual data on the number of Americans who have certain cancers. Additionally, every five years, experts measure the survival rates. This indicates that the estimate might not account for improvements in the last five years in the detection and treatment of oral and oropharyngeal cancer. If you have any questions concerning this material, consult your doctor. Find out more about how to comprehend statistics.

Statistics taken from Cancer Facts & Figures 2022, a publication by the American Cancer Society (ACS), the ACS website, the website of the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Program of the National Cancer Institute. (All references checked on February 20, 2022.)

Where is oral cancer most frequently discovered?

The most recent projections from the American Cancer Society for oropharyngeal and oral malignancies in the US for 2022 are as follows:

  • There are about 54,000 new instances of oropharyngeal or oral cancer each year.
  • 11,230 people lose their lives to oropharyngeal or oral cancer.

The following areas are where oral cavity and oropharyngeal malignancies most frequently develop:

  • the oropharynx and tonsils
  • The gums, the mouth’s floor, and further areas of the mouth

The remaining ones are located in various places, including the lips, small salivary glands, which are frequently found at the roof of the mouth.

Can oral cancer be cured?

Early detection of oral cancer increases the likelihood of cure by about 90%. However, if the disease has already spread prior to diagnosis, the five-year survival rate is only 60%. Early detection and treatment of oral cancer always have the best results.

Is cancer of the tongue a disability?

The term “oral cancer” is broad. It is a malignancy that affects the lips, buccal mucosa, the inner lining of the cheeks and lips, tongue, salivary glands, and/or lips. An oral cancer called oropharyngeal carcinoma develops tumors in the upper throat and the back of the mouth. The tonsils, tongue, back of the throat, and soft palate may all be affected by this type of oral cancer. Open sores or ulcers are frequently present with oral cancer. It is common for this illness to spread, either locally to other parts of the mouth or to distant parts of the body.

You can be qualified for Social Security Disability benefits if your diagnosis of oral cancer affects your capacity to work. Through the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program, the Social Security Administration (SSA) provides disability compensation to people who have put in enough work to accrue enough credits. You were required to contribute enough taxes to the SSA during that period.

Benefit recipients must be totally disabled and have been disabled for at least a year. This entails that only benefits for total, permanent disability will be paid out, not partial or short-term disability benefits. If a person’s condition justifies permanent disability, the SSA must follow stringent requirements. The process can be straightforward with thorough documentation, but it can also be laborious and time-consuming at other times.

Is cancer in stage 4 irreversible?

Cancer at stage 4 is not always fatal. It usually requires more intensive therapy because it is progressed.

Cancer that is terminal is one that cannot be cured and will eventually take a person’s life. Some people would refer to it as terminal cancer. When a doctor declares that a patient’s cancer is terminal, it typically signifies that the disease is so far along that there are no longer any effective ways to treat it. Cancers that are more advanced are more likely to be fatal.

The possibility of surviving for a specific amount of time, like five years, when a doctor diagnoses cancer is expressed by survival rates. When breast cancer has progressed to distant parts of the body, the 5-year survival rate is 28%, suggesting that 28% of patients make it through this time.

According to the American Cancer Society, the same percentage is 30% for men whose prostate cancer has progressed to remote locations.

Depending on the cancer type, survival rates can change. Mesothelioma that has migrated to distant locations has a 7 percent 5-year survival rate. This rate is 3% for distant pancreatic cancer.

However, it is important to keep in mind that these rates are based on a substantial amount of historical data. They might not represent current developments in medicine and healthcare. Additionally, a vast array of variables affect each person’s life expectancy.

The procedure of figuring out a cancer’s stage and severity is complicated. All the factors that govern how cancer develops and impacts the body are still unknown to medical professionals. Life expectancy forecasting is quite challenging. The sort of cancer, where it is located, and whether the patient has any other underlying medical disorders are just a few of the numerous factors the doctor will take into account.